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History of the Landes pine tree

Pine trees have grown in the Landes region since the dawn of time.

The Romans already shipped, via the Adour River and DAX harbour, the resin extracted from this tree, as well as the pitch and tar obtained via wood carbonization.

In the 19th century, Napoleon III implemented a Cluster Pine afforestation policy to prevent the coastal dunes from advancing and drain the marshlands to the North of the Landes region, thereby giving birth to Europe’s largest forest area: in less than 100 years, forested areas soared from 250,000 to more than 1,200,000 hectares, draining marshes, making the land cultivable and eradicating malaria.


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